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Most of the data is available for consultation with the help of the search tools. However, it is possible to work on private data in a way that maintains their privacy. Registered users, in addition to being able to deposit their data, may also submit comments, consult PDF documents and build objects (datasets, cognates sets, correspondence sets) used in various research on the public or private data.

Public Data

The public data are made up of wordlists with certain fields filled in (see the Data Entry Manual). This formatted information is available for consultation by browsing and queries using various View options (see next section). Public data can be organized into sets called 'natural datasets', comprising a set of sources that usually correspond to a publication bringing together data from several languages. Public comments that registered users have submitted will also be available for consultation.

Private Data


Registered users can submit private comments on the various objects while they browse. These comments are private in nature; only the user in question can view them. They can be accessed at any time via the Manage Comment menu in that zone. The registered user can also submit public comments, subject to the adminstrator's approval. The 'owners' of the objects will be informed of these comments and they will be visible to the entire community.


It is possible, with some formatting of the sources, to add your own data to the database as private sources. These private sources are intended to be grafted into the public data, either because they have already been published, or because their integration into RefLex will be considered a publication in its own right (for more details, contact the administrators).

Source sharing

This has to do with sharing for the purposes of consultation, not publishing. To facilitate the community's collaborative work, it is possible to share private sources with other users. Their sources being accessible, they can dialogue with you via the 'public' comments that they submit. These new data will be available to them for consultation, they can manipulate them by creating datasets on these sources and / or by adding them to their existing datasets. Since they are accountable for the datasets created in this way, you will not be able to access them (but they can still share these datasets with you).

Sharing datasets

This has to do with sharing for the purposes of consultation, not publishing. It is also possible to share a dataset and ALL its products, namely: cognate sets, alignments, correspondence sets and reconstruction. The user with whom you share a dataset may submit comments on all your objects. (S)he cannot use a private source in another dataset, but (s)he can create new series on your dataset, or copy series that you have created in order to make changes. Once a dataset is shared, all objects created in it are visible to all who have access to it, making it possible to compare different user choices.

Documents pdf

Each source deposited on RefLex should in principle be accompanied by a paper document (eg. an article, fieldnotes etc.). This will be scanned and converted into a PDF to serve as a reference. Out of respect for publishers and copyright, only portions not the complete documents will be accessible to site users. Access to the original source (PDF) will be from the lexical entries.

User Accounts

Users wishing to participate in the project may create an account by clicking the icon signature button in the top banner. We recommend that you state your expectations about which languages you wish to see incorporated into RefLex as a priority, and those that you have some experience with.


New users can register using the online form available by clicking on the button signature button or directly at the following address: register Obligatory fields are marked with a red dot signature button, and you are asked to confirm via a simple captcha at the bottom of the page.

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Once created, the account must be activated by an administrator.


You can identify yourself on RefLex by clicking on the icon signature button in the top banner. You will need a login name and a password.

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Lost password

If you lose or forget your password, you can get a new one by providing the email address associated with your user account via the appropriate form on the site.

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Changing personal info

Once connected, your user name is displayed in the connection box, and a button signature button lets you change your basic account information.

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Changing password

You can also change your password. You will need your current password, and you will be asked to confirm the new you have chosen.

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Language : fr