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Koelle, Sigismund Wilhelm (1963 [1854]). Polyglotta africana, or a comparative vocabulary of nearly three hundred words and phrases in more than one hundred distinct African languages. London : Church Missionary House. vi, 24, 188 pp.

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Notes : Says Welmers (1971:564f): For this remarkable accomplishment, at his own request, Koelle [missionary educator at Sierra Leone] was permitted the less than princely period of six months free from other duties. Though some of his notes may have been taken before this six-month period of full-time work, one can only be struck by the sheer enormity of the task of manuscript preparation. His map alone, and the questions he asked to get the information on which it is based, is a masterpiece of meticulous attention to detail. Every linguist should carefully read Koelle’s Preface as model for humility, enterprise, and linguistic perception over a century later. Although Koelle’s unparalleled work falls somewhat short of contemporary standards in linguistics - his fairly flexible phonetic transcription cannot be expected to be fully accurate for all languages, and he understandably failed to recognize tone, although he marked what he heard as stress - it is nevertheless useful to the comparativist today, and remains a model of careful research. Reprinted 1963 by Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt in Graz, with a historiographical introduction by Paul H. E. Hair and a word index by David Dalby.

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Date de la dernière modification : 2010-02-26