225 langues concernées

01111Niger-Kordofan > Niger-Congo > Kwa > Nyo > Potou-Tano > akan (asante)   (aka)
NomsAkan ; Akan (Asante) ; Akan (Kwawu) ; Akan (Mfantse) ; Akan (Twi) ; Akan (Twi-Fante) ; Akyem/Asante Twi ; Asante ; Asante Twi ; Asante ~ Fante ~ Tshi ~ Twi ; Asánte ; Central Akan ; Fante ; Fante-Akan ; Fanti ; Twi ; Twi (Akan) ; Twi (Asante) ; Twi ~ Asante ~ Fante ; achanti ; akan ; akan (Twi) ; assanti ; gold coast ; twi

220 titres trouvés

[22140]   [Anonymous] (1962) : The writing of Akan
[22258]   [Anonymous] (1979) : Unified Akan orthography
[24146]   Abakah, Emmanuel N. (1998-99) : On the Question of Standard Fante
[24149]   Abakah, Emmanuel N. (2005) : Tone rules in Akan
[26709]   Abakah, Emmanuel N. (2010) : Tone and the Associative Construction in Akan
[7]   Abakah, Emmanuel Nicholas (1993) : Some aspects of the phonology of the Mfantse dialect of Akan
[8]   Abakah, Emmanuel Nicholas (2004) : Elision in Fante
[9]   Abakah, Emmanuel Nicholas (2005) : Phonological analysis of word-final consonants in Akan
[26964]   Abakah, Emmanuel Nicholas (2012) : Some assimilatory processes in Akan
[184]   Adamte-Awate (1---) : English-vernacular handbook (English-Twi-Ga-Adangme-Ewe)
[27461]   Adomako, Kwasi (2012) : Verbal nominalization as a derivational process: The case of Akan
[27482]   Adomako, Kwasi (2017) : Morphophonological Analysis of Akan Female Family-Name Formation
[328]   Agyakawa, Kofi Okyere (1976) : Akan epistemology and western thought: a philosophical approach to the problem of educational modernization in Ghana
[329]   Agyekum, Kofi (1975) : The communicative role of silence in Akan
[330]   Agyekum, Kofi (1996) : Akan verbal taboos, in the context of the ethnography of communication
[331]   Agyekum, Kofi (2003) : Honorifics and status indexing in Akan communication
[332]   Agyekum, Kofi (2004) : Ntam ‘reminiscential oath’ taboo in Akan
[333]   Agyekum, Kofi (2004) : The socio-cultural concept of face in Akan communication
[23801]   Agyekum, Kofi (2006) : Aspects of Akan semiotics
[26097]   Agyekum, Kofi (2010) : The Sociolinguistics of Thanking in Akan
[26129]   Agyekum, Kofi (2006) : The Sociolinguistic of Akan Personal Names
[26687]   Agyekum, Kofi (2008) : The language of Akan ideophones
[26995]   Agyekum, Kofi (2015) : Ani ‘eye’ metaphorical expressions in Akan - Ani anhunu a ɛnyɛ tan, ‘If the eyes do not see it, it is not nasty.’
[27463]   Agyekum, Kofi (2013) : The pragmatics of ‘Mouth’ metaphors in Akan
[27353]   Agyepong, Dorothy Pokua , Nana Aba Appiah Amfo & E. Kweku Osam (2017) : Literal and Metaphorical Usages of ‘Eat’ and ‘Drink’ in Akan
[451]   Akrofi, C. A. (1931) : Twi kasa mmara [A Twi grammar book]
[452]   Akrofi, C. A. (1933) : Notes on Twi spelling in the new script
[455]   Akrofi, C. A. (1937) : Twi kasa mmara [A Twi grammar book]
[457]   Akrofi, C. A. (1943) : Twi kasa mmara [A Twi grammar book]
[456]   Akrofi, C. A. & Eugen Ludwig Rapp (1938) : A Twi spelling book
[458]   Akrofi, C. A. & G. L. Botchey (1965) : English-Twi-Ga dictionary
[453]   Akrofi, C. A. & John A. R. Watt (1933) : Some peculiarities of Twi grammar
[454]   Akrofi, C. A. & John A. R. Watt (1935) : Some points in Twi spelling
[654]   Ameka, Felix K. (1992) : Focus constructions in Ewe and Akan: a comparative perspective
[27464]   Ameka, Felix K. & James Essegbey (2013) : Serialising languages: Satellite-framed, verb-framed or neither
[666]   Amfo, Nana Aba Appiah (2001) : A relevance-theoretic study of some pragmatic markers in Akan
[667]   Amfo, Nana Aba Appiah (2005) : Modal marking in Akan: the case of anka
[24733]   Amfo, Nana Aba Appiah (2007) : Akan Demonstratives
[26049]   Amfo, Nana Aba Appiah (2007) : Noun phrase and clausal connectives in Akan
[27060]   Anderson, Jonathan (2010) : Preliminary to preliminary: Speech rhythm in Akan (Twi)
[26972]   Anderson, Jonathan C. (2013) : Verb-internal compound formation in Akan
[875]   Aning, Simon Kwasi (1998) : Nominal constructions in Akan
[25958]   Ansah, Gladys Nyarko (2011) : Emotion Language in Akan: the Case of Anger
[27476]   Ansah, Gladys Nyarko , Jemima Asabea Anderson , Suleman Alhassan Anamzoya & Fidelia Ohemeng (2017) : ‘Bra, Sɛn, Yɛnkↄ... That is All I Know in Akan’: How Female Migrants From Rural North Survive with Minimum Bilingualism in Urban Markets in Ghana
[26616]   Apenteng, Monica Amoah & Nana Aba Appiah Amfo (2014) : The Form and Function of English Loanwords in Akan
[917]   Appiah, A. W. E. (1931) : A new script Fante primer
[1378]   Balmer, William Turnbull & F. C. F. Grant (1929) : A grammar of the Fante-Akan language
[1628]   Bartels, Francis Lodowic & J. A. Annobil (1948) : Mfantse nkasafua dwumadzi/A Fante grammar of function
[2023]   Bellon, Immanuel (1955) : Twi lessons for beginners, including grammatical guide and numerous idioms and phrases
[2024]   Bellon, Immanuel (1965) : Twi lessons for beginners, including a grammatical guide and numerous idioms and phrases
[2235]   Berry, Jack (1957) : Vowel harmony in Twi
[2241]   Berry, Jack (1960) : An English-Twi-Asante-Fante dictionary
[23644]   Berry, Jack & Agnes Akosua Aidoo (1975) : An introduction to Akan
[2648]   Boadi, Lawrence A. (1963) : Palatality as a factor in Twi vowel harmony
[2649]   Boadi, Lawrence A. (1965) : Some Twi phrase structure rules
[2650]   Boadi, Lawrence A. (1968) : Some aspects of Akan deep syntax
[2652]   Boadi, Lawrence A. (1972) : The development of some affixes in the Bia and Central Akan subgroups of Tano
[2655]   Boadi, Lawrence A. (1990) : Questions in Akan
[23656]   Boadi, Lawrence A. (1975) : The associative in Akan: a semantic interpretation
[23739]   Boadi, Lawrence A. (1984) : Busumur and the Akan language in Koelle‘s ‘Polyglotta’
[25221]   Boadi, Lawrence A. (2008) : Tense, Aspect and Mood in Akan
[2659]   Boakey, Paul (1982) : Syntaxe de l’achanti: du phonème à la phrase ségmentée
[23485]   Bodomo, Adams B. , Charles Ofosu Marfo , A. Cunningham & Sally Y. K. Mok (2006) : A Unicode keyboard for African languages: the case of Dagaare and Twi
[2830]   Bonato, Jasmin (1998) : Die Tempus-/Aspektsystem des Twi (Akan): eine Forschungsgeschichte
[27067]   Brown, E. K. (1975) : Towards a case grammar of Twi
[23006]   Cahill, Michael [Clark] (1985) : An autosegmental analysis of Akan nasality and tone
[3647]   Campbell, Richard (1988) : Verbal inflection in Kwawu Akan
[3649]   Campbell, Richard (1998) : A note on subject clitics in Akan
[3754]   Carleton, Troi (1992) : The tonology of Asante verbs
[26958]   Casali, Roderic F. (2012) : [+ATR] dominance in Akan
[4141]   Christaller, Johann Gottlieb (1933) : Dictionary of the Asante and Fante language called Tshi (Twi)
[4229]   Clements, George N. (1984) : Vowel harmony in Akan: a consideration of Stewart’s word structure conditions
[4232]   Clements, George N. (1985) : Akan vowel harmony: a nonlinear analysis
[23958]   Clements, George N. (1981) : Akan vowel harmony: a nonlinear analysis
[4355]   Coker, Increase H. E. (1954) : Grammar of African names: an outline guide to the study and appreciation of African names selected from the Akan (Gold Coast), Yoruba, Ibo, Ijaw and Efik-Ibibio language groups
[24558]   Delafosse, Maurice (1904) : Vocabulaires comparatifs de plus de soixante langues ou dialectes africains, parlés à la Côte dʼIvoire et dans les régions limitrophes, avec des notes linguistiques et ethnologiques, une bibliographie, et une carte
[23647]   Denteh, A. Crakye (1974) : Spoken Twi for non-Twi speakers
[23648]   Denteh, A. Crakye & K. K. Keelson (1974) : Spoken Fante for non-Fante speakers
[24086]   Denteh., A. C. (1982) : Some Genitive Constructions in Akyem/Asante Twi
[5357]   Dickens, K. J. (1934) : Twi spelling
[5612]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1965) : Phonetics and phonology of the verbal piece in the Asante dialect of Twi
[5613]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1967) : A phonological analysis of Twi vowels
[5614]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1971) : A classification of Akan verb stems
[5616]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1976) : Dialect differences and historical process in Akan
[5619]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1986) : Tone and grammar in Akan: the tone of possessive constructions in the Asante dialect
[5620]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1987) : On negating the consecutive verb in Akan
[5621]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1988) : The Akan (Twi-Fante) language: its sound system and tonal structure
[5623]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1996) : A comprehensive course in Twi (Asante), for the non-Twi learner
[24088]   Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1986) : The languages of the Akan peoples
[6150]   Ellis, Jeffrey & Lawrence A. Boadi (1968) : “To be” in Twi
[25780]   Ermisch, Sonja (2009) : Focus and topic constructions in Akan
[6345]   Essilfie, Thomas (1999) : Space, time and agency in Akan: syntactic and semantic interconnections in locative sentences
[6762]   Forson, Barnabas K. (1968) : A description of language situations classified in a corpus representing a bilingual register range (Akan varieties and English)
[6763]   Forson, Barnabas K. (1979) : Code-switching in Akan-English bilingualism
[6764]   Forson, Barnabas K. (1981) : Phonological regularities in Akan-English code-switching
[7944]   Gyekye, Kwame (1987) : An essay on African philosophical thought: the Akan conceptual scheme
[8016]   Hagan, George Panyi (1968) : An analytical study of Fanti kinship
[8037]   Haggis, Bernard Murray (1975) : La phonie du français chez les trilingues twi
[26949]   Hair, Paul Edward Hedley (1992) : Barbot's West African Vocabularies of c. 1680
[8178]   Hanson, Kobena T. (2004) : Rethinking the Akan household: acknowledging the importance of culturally and linguistically meaningful images
[8660]   Herman, H. Auguste (1939) : A short Twi grammar with English-Twi-French vocabulary
[8686]   Hess, Susan (1992) : Assimilatory effects in a vowel harmony system: an acoustic analysis of advanced tongue root in Akan
[8849]   Hintze, Ursula (1949) : Untersuchungen zur sprachlichen Stellung des Nzema innerhalb der Akansprachen
[8851]   Hintze, Ursula (1953) : Die sprachliche Stellung des Anufo (Cokosi): ein Beitrag zur Gliederung der Akan-Sprachen
[26971]   Insaidoo Appah, Clement Kwamina (2013) : The case against A-N compounding in Akan
[22808]   Jong, Kenneth de & Samuel Gyasi Obeng (2000) : Labio-palatalization in Twi: contrastive, quantal, and organizational factors producing an uncommon sound
[27481]   Kambon, Ọbádélé Bakari & Josephine Dzahene-Quarshie (2017) : TwiSwahili Or KiswaTwili: A Study of Parallel Proverbs in Akan (Twi) And Kiswahili
[27424]   Kambon, Obadele , E. Kweku Osam & Nana Aba Appiah Amfo (2015) : A case for revisiting definitions of serial verb constructions: Evidence from Akan serial verb nominalization
[10384]   Kani, Thomas Yao (1953) : Bonsafo akan kasa mu kasapo [Dictionary of Twi idioms]
[24178]   Koelle, Sigismund Wilhelm (1963 [1854]) : Polyglotta africana, or a comparative vocabulary of nearly three hundred words and phrases in more than one hundred distinct African languages
[11078]   Koga, Kyoko (2003) : [Loan words in Asante and Akan]
[11105]   Konadu, Kwasi Bodua (2004) : Concepts of medicine as interpreted by Akan healers and indigenous knowledge archives among the Bono-Takyiman of Ghana, West Africa
[27027]   Korsah, Sampson (2017) : Beyond resumptives and expletives in Akan
[11259]   Kós-Dienes, Dora (1984) : Sketch of the TMA system[s] of Afrikaans, Akan, Arabic (Tunisian), Tigrinya, Wolof, Yoruba
[23778]   Kotey, Paul Francis Amon (1998) : Twi-English, English-Twi concise dictionary
[27480]   Kpogo, Felix & Kofi Busia Abrefa (2017) : The Structure of Face-To-Face Casual Conversation Among the Akans
[11371]   Kropp Dakubu, Mary Esther (2001) : The “Mande loan element in Twi” revisited
[12182]   Lindau Webb, Mona [Elsebeth] (1987) : Tongue mechanisms in Akan and Luo
[26187]   Manyah, Kofi Adu (2011) : Nasal-Oral Contrast of Short and Long Vowels in Twi: An Acoustic Study
[26060]   Marfo, Charles & Adams Bodomo (2005) : Information Structuring In Akan Question-Word Fronting And Focus Constructions
[13067]   Marfo, Charles Ofosu (2004) : On tone and segmental processes in Akan phrasal words: a prosodic account
[24148]   Marfo, Charles Ofosu (2005) : Akan focus and topic constructions and the prosody-syntax interface
[27466]   Marfo, Charles Ofosu (2013) : Optimizing structure: The case of the ‘CrV’ syllable of Akan
[13220]   Matson, J. N. (1956) : History in Akan words
[13448]   Mead, Margaret (1937) : A Twi relationship system
[25061]   Mensah, Emmanuel N. A. (1982) : The feature lingual and the Akan consonant system
[15257]   Nketia, J. H. Kwabena (1951) : The writing of Twi, I: Asante spelling
[15379]   Nti, Seth Kofi (1999) : Akan adjectives: a morpho-syntactic study
[15503]   Nyaggah, Lynette (1976) : Associative tone and syllable structure in Asante Twi
[23800]   Obeng, Cecilia Sem (2006) : Understanding the Akan family system through discursive constructions at naming ceremonies
[15575]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (1989) : Conversational strategies: towards a phonological description of turn-taking in Akan
[15580]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (1999) : Requests in Akan discourse
[15581]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (1999) : “In future if I buy a dog, I’ll call it ‘Okyeman-is-beautiful’” - indirect response to potentially difficult communicative situations: the case of Akan dog names
[15582]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (1999) : Conversational strategies in Akan: prosodic features and dicourse categories
[15584]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (2000) : A grammar of Akan
[15586]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (2000) : Vowel harmony and tone in Akan toponyms
[15587]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (2001) : African anthroponymy: an ethnopragmatic and morphophonological study of personal names in Akan and some African societies
[23432]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (1991) : Pitch, loudness, and turn regulation in Akan conversation
[27054]   Obeng, Samuel Gyasi (2010) : Language maintenance and shift among Akan immigrant college students in the United States
[23795]   Ofori, Seth (2006) : Recent/remote-past marking in Akan: a multi-tiered account
[23798]   Ofori, Seth (2006) : Akan hypocorisms: a constraint-based approach
[26090]   Ofori, Seth Antwi (2011) : On the Basic Focus Marker, and the Basic Focus Sentence, in Akan (Twi)
[26320]   Ofori, Seth Antwi (2013) : A prosodic analysis of monosyllabic and disyllabic verb reduplication in Twi (Akan)
[26686]   Ofori, Seth Antwi (2008) : Numeral compounding in Akan (Twi): a multi-tiered account
[26963]   Ofori, Seth Antwi (2012) : CVCV verb truncation in Akan (Twi)
[27055]   Ofori, Seth Antwi (2010) : A morphophonological analysis of onomatopoeic ideophones in Akan (Twi)
[15967]   Opoku, Victor (1964) : Akan greetings and salutations
[26728]   Osam, E. Kweku , Reginald A. Duah & Afua M. Blay (2011) : The so-called postpositions in Akan: A reconsideration
[16001]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (1988) : The structure of Akan newpaper editorials: the case of Wonsuom
[16002]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (1990) : Participant identification in Akan negatives
[16003]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (1993) : The loss of the noun class system in Akan
[16004]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (1993/96) : Animacy distinctions in Akan grammar
[16006]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (1996) : The history of Akan complementizers
[16007]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (1997) : Serial verbs and grammatical relations in Akan
[16008]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (1998) : Complementation in Akan
[16009]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (2000) : The status of indirect object in Akan
[16010]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (2002) : Reflexive marking and related functions in Akan
[16011]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (2003) : An introduction to the verbal and multi-verbal system of Akan
[24658]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (2008) : Verbal alternations in Akan
[25222]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (2008) : Akan As An Aspectual Language
[27028]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku (2017) : Valency changing processes in Akan
[24593]   Osam, Emmanuel Kweku Ahen (1994) : Aspects of Akan Grammar: A Functional Perspective
[16157]   Painter, Colin (1973) : Cineradiographic data on the feature ‘covered’ in Twi vowel harmony
[26032]   Paster, Mary (2010) : The verbal morphology and phonology of Asante Twi
[26988]   Quarcoo, Millicent Akosua (2014) : Copula verbs in Twi/English codeswitching
[27460]   Quarcoo, Millicent Akosua (2012) : Grammatical constraints on verb phrases in Twi/English code switching
[17063]   Rapp, Eugen Ludwig (1936) : An introduction to Twi
[17066]   Rapp, Eugen Ludwig (1948) : An introduction to Twi
[17067]   Rapp, Eugen Ludwig (1955) : Zur Ausbreitung einer westafrikanischen Stammessprache (das Twi)
[17073]   Rapp, Eugen Ludwig (1969) : Ein neues Twi-Wörterbuch
[17114]   Redden, James E. & N. Owusu (1963) : Twi: basic course
[17148]   Reineke, Brigitte (1986) : Subordinative Verknüpfungen im (Akuapem-)Twi
[17671]   Saah, Kofi K. (1992) : Null object constructions in Akan
[24147]   Saah, Kofi K. (2004) : A survey of Akan adverbs and adverbials
[25235]   Saah, Kofi K. (2010) : Relative Clauses in Akan
[17702]   Saetherɔ, Eli (1997) : Minimal verbs in Akan: a study of the contribution of the verb and constructions in meaning
[26866]   Sakyi, Joana Portia (2013) : Modal Adverbs and Predicative Modal Adjectives in Akan
[17789]   Sampson, (1994) : Mécahismes sémantiques et logiques d’insertion du proverbe Akan en discours
[17906]   Saunders, G. (1956) : Akan vocabulary of diseases
[23058]   Savage, T. Dale (1987) : Some abstract features of Kwa vowel harmony: an autosegmental approach to Engenni, Igbo, Akan, and Yoruba
[17933]   Schachter, Paul (1962) : Teaching English pronunciation to the Twi-speaking student
[17934]   Schachter, Paul (1965) : Some comments on J. M. Stewart’s ‘The typology of the Twi tone system’
[17937]   Schachter, Paul (1969) : Natural assimilation rules in Akan
[17936]   Schachter, Paul & Victoria Fromkin (Ed) (1968) : A phonology of Akan: Akuapem, Asante and Fante
[19038]   Stewart, John Massie (1962) : An analysis of the structure of the Fante verb
[19039]   Stewart, John Massie (1963) : Some restrictions on objects in Twi
[19040]   Stewart, John Massie (1963) : Twi tenses in the negative
[19041]   Stewart, John Massie (1965) : The typology of the Twi tone system
[19045]   Stewart, John Massie (1966) : Awutu, Larteh, Nkonya and Krachi, with glosses in English and Twi
[19046]   Stewart, John Massie (1966) : Asante Twi in the ‘Polyglotta Africana’
[19047]   Stewart, John Massie (1966) : Akan history: some linguistic evidence
[19048]   Stewart, John Massie (1967) : Tongue-root position in Akan vowel harmony
[19049]   Stewart, John Massie (1967) : Akan-centred linguistic acculturation
[19053]   Stewart, John Massie (1970) : A theory of the origin of Akan vowel harmony
[19060]   Stewart, John Massie (1973) : The final light syllables of Akan and their significance for Volta-Comoe reconstruction
[19063]   Stewart, John Massie (1976) : The final light syllables of Akan (Twi-Fante) and their significance for Volta-Comoé reconstruction
[19069]   Stewart, John Massie (1983) : Akan vowel harmony: the word structure conditions and the floating vowels
[19070]   Stewart, John Massie (1983) : Asante tone shift
[19073]   Stewart, John Massie (1993) : Dschang and Ebrié as Akan-type total downstep languages
[19434]   Taylor, C. J. (1953) : Some Akan names
[19609]   Thomas, Lynn L. (1980) : Crow-type skewing in Akan kinship vocabulary and its absence in Minangkabau
[19661]   Tiede, Mark K. (1996) : An MRI-based study of pharyngeal volume contrasts in Akan
[19949]   Trutenau, H. Max J. (1973) : A historical note on the size of the Akan, Gã and Dangme speaking populations in Ghana
[23322]   Trutenau, H. Max J. (1973) : The “Christian Messenger” and its successors: a description of the first three series of a missionary periodical with articles in Ghanaian languages (Twi and Gã), 1883-1931
[19953]   Trutenau, H. Max J. (Ed) (1976) : Languages of the Akan area: papers in western Kwa linguistics and on the linguistic geography of the area of Ancient Begho (Transactions of the Linguistic Circle of Accra, III)
[20702]   Ward, Ida Caroline (1939) : The pronunciation of Twi
[20730]   Warren, Dennis M. (1976) : Bibliography and vocabulary of the Akan (Twi-Fante) language of Chana
[20842]   Welmers, William Everrett (1946) : A descriptive grammar of Fanti
[20858]   Welmers, William Everrett (1965) : Comments on J. M. Stewart’s ‘The typology of the Twi tone system’
[20841]   Welmers, William Everrett & Zellig Sabbetai Harris (1942) : The phonemes of Fanti
[20943]   Westermann, Diedrich (1927) : A common script for Twi, Fante, Gã and Ewe
[21161]   Wilks, Ivor (1962) : The Mande loan element in Twi
[25446]   Wilson, John Leighton (1849) : Comparative Vocabularies of Some of the Principal Negro Dialects of Africa
[23579]   Wohlgemuth, Norbert (1934) : Afrikanische Sprachen: Fante
[21576]   Yankah, Kwesi (1989) : The proverb in the context of Akan rhetoric: a theory of proverb praxis
[21577]   Yankah, Kwesi (1995) : Speaking for the chief: Okyeame and the politics of Akan royal oratory
[21578]   Yankah, Kwesi (2000) : Proverb speaking as a creative process: the Akan of Ghana
[21584]   Yeboa-Dankwa, Jonas (1995) : Akan and Hausa: development, relationship, educational, literary and social use
[21587]   Yelbert, Jonathan Ekow (1996) : Étude des énoncés comportant “se” dans la langues akan: invariance et variations
[25875]   Yelbert, Yonathan (2009) : Construction de la relation intersubjective à l'aide des particules de discours: le cas de l'Akan